• Touhidul Islam
  • Md. Muaz Hussain
  • Md. Saneul Alam Shiam
  • Minhazul Abedin
  • Md. Erfanul Hoque



TEMPERATURE, landfilling, Social Crimes, northeastern, Chittagong


Bangladesh is a country of near about 16 crore people with recently earning status of middle-income economy. The
country is already facing so many challenges in the economy and increasing population growth. Overcrowding is one of
the main concerns of the country right now. Social Crimes, unsafety etc. are the day-to-day deals of the people of our
country. Though all these problems are present, the country is growing in the case of its economy. But a country like ours
which is already encountering so many problems, is facing another big challenge of refugee issues. In 2017, 655,000
Rohingya refugee came to Bangladesh in search of safety from the Myanmar militaries and built their residences at the
coastal upazilas of Bangladesh. This led to a tremendous amount of tree cutting, landfilling and other damage to nature.
The Ukhia Upazila is the place for the largest refugee camp of the Rohingya people. To make this camp huge areas have
faced deforestation to meet the needs of the helpless people. Every element of nature has been damaged. By Conducting
Land Use and Land Change Detection methods, the study has tried to show the amount of damage done by these
deforestations and their impacts on the environmental parameter. From the years 2000 to 2020, a total of 36.39 sq. km.
of vegetation area has been damaged. 25% of the bare lands have been converted to other land uses for fulfilling the
purposes of people living there. 2.88% of waterbodies have been decreased from the year 2010 to 2020. Dense vegetation
has decreased from 118.77 sq. km. to 82.3 sq. km. The land use change rate has also increased from 3.6% to 5.4% in over
a year gap. The average land surface temperature increased to 26.5 degrees Celsius as a result of the continuous
elimination of land covers. Further analysis of the thesis paper will give details information on the Land use landscape
change and its impact on the environment

Author Biographies

Touhidul Islam

Chittagong University of Engineering and Technology

Md. Muaz Hussain

Chittagong University of Engineering and Technology

Md. Saneul Alam Shiam

Chittagong University of Engineering and Technology

Minhazul Abedin

Chittagong University of Engineering and Technology

Md. Erfanul Hoque

Chittagong University of Engineering and Technology


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